From Wesnoth

The Wesnoth Markup Language

The Wesnoth Markup Language (WML) is used to code almost everything in Wesnoth, including scenarios, units, savefiles, and the user interface layout. WML files are simple, human-readable text files, usually with the .cfg extension, with similarities to INI files and XML. A major feature in WML are macros, which are alike those found in the C language and similarily are handled by a preprocessor. Implementation-wise, WML files are handled mainly by the config class (and simple_wml in wesnothd).

This page is a collection of pointers to different common WML structures.

See BuildingScenarios, BuildingCampaigns and BuildingUnits for a tutorial style overview.

Note: this reference may contain slight inaccuracies, might not list all existing keys and tags or might contain some deprecated syntax. If you find that this reference doesn't give you the answer to how to implement some feature in WML, the most reliable way is to look at the WML code of existing units and campaigns that have done so.

How WML works

WML toplevel tags

The following covers most of the possible toplevel tags in a typical main WML file. Some minor and dev-oriented tags (not intended for use by UMC) are omitted.

Some other files use the WML format, but with different tags.

  • SavefileWML a description of the format of savegames
  • PblWML a description of the format of server-uploadable campaigns

Other WML tags

  • EventWML how to describe an event
    • FilterWML the construct to filter on units, locations, and weapons
    • ActionWML to describe the actions which occur when the event is fired
  • AiWML how to describe parameters for AI
  • EffectWML the construct to modify a unit
  • AbilitiesWML a list of the different abilities a unit or weapon can have
  • DescriptionWML the structure of WML coded menus like the difficulty chooser of campaigns
  • EditorWML tags controlling the post-1.4 editor's behavior
  • GUIToolkit creating dialogs

Predefined macros

Wesnoth ships with a library of predefined macros you should find useful in writing your own WML.


See Also

This page was last modified on 31 July 2016, at 01:52.